Mesopotamia

Some 6.000 years ago, some Neolithic villages became cities as a result of agricultural and commercial prosperity. These civilizations invented writting.  

The first great civilizations developed along large rivers surrounded by fertile land: 

  • Mesopotamia: River Tigris and Euphrates

  • India: Indus River

  • China: Huang He and Yangtze Rivers

  • Egypt: Nile River

The Mesopotamian civilization appeared in the Fertile Crescent, in the fertile plains between River Tigris and River Euphrates